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# Use concatenation to combine text and numbers in Excel formulas

If you want to combine text with the results of a formula in a cell, you can use **concatenation**. Suppose you have calculated the total of a range of cells using a formula in cell D2. Now, you want to have cell A2 display the text "Today's sales are $12,000", where $12,000 is the value calculated in D2. As the value in D2 changes, you want the value in A2 to update automatically.

For example, suppose you have calculated the total of a range of cells using a formula in cell D2. Now, you want to have cell A2 display the text "Today's sales are $12,000", where $12,000 is the value calculated in D2. As the value in D2 changes, you want the value in A2 to update automatically.

To do this, type the following formula into A2:

="Today's sales are $"&D2

The secret here is to use the ampersand, &, to concatenate (or join) text and numbers together. The & symbol acts like a +, or plus sign, to join text strings together into one. A slightly more advanced version of the formula above might look like the following:

="You owe $"&D2&", which is due in 7 days"

You can also use the CONCATENATE() function to join multiple text strings together. The syntax of this function is as follows:

=CONCATENATE(text1,text2,...)

In this function, you can join up to 30 text strings together. To achieve the same result as the first example above, you could enter the following formula:

=CONCATENATE("Today's sales are $",d2)